Posted on December 13, 2020 in
Written by: David B. Honig
Manufacturing in Mexico accounts for 17% of GDP.  However, Mexican President Andrés Manuel Lupepez Obrador believes that this trade agreement will be a clear positive for the Mexican economy through increased foreign investment, job creation and the expansion of trade.  In addition, there is the provision that the agreement itself must be reviewed every six years by the three nations, with a 16-year forfeiture clause. The contract may be renewed for a period of 16 years during the six-year review period.  The introduction of the Sunset clause gives more control in the organization of the future of the USMCA in the hands of national governments. However, there is concern that this could lead to greater uncertainty. Sectors such as automotive require significant investment in cross-border supply chains.  Given the dominant position of the U.S. consumer market, it is likely that this will put pressure on companies to establish more production in the United States, with a higher probability of higher production costs for these vehicles.  In this file photo dated November 30, 2018, President Donald Trump (centre) sits between Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau (right) and Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto when they sign a new agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada, replacing the NAFTA trade agreement.
(AP Photo/Martin Mejia, file) The Canada-Mexico-U.S. trade agreement will officially enter into force on July 1. The revised agreement comes into force after a slight revision of the agreement at the end of 2019 to satisfy U.S. Democrats and after it was ratified by the respective legislative bodies of the three countries. Following the signing of the auto pact, the Canadian government considered proposing free trade agreements in other sectors of the economy. However, the U.S. government was less sensitive to this idea and wanted to remove some of the guarantees from the pact. Canada`s attention has focused on the issue of a broader free trade agreement between the two countries.  For the first time, the agreement is specifically aimed at agricultural biotechnology to support 21st century innovations in agriculture. The text covers all biotechnology, including new technologies such as gene processing, while the trans-Pacific Partnership text covered only traditional rDNA technology. In particular, the United States, Mexico and Canada have agreed on provisions to improve information exchange and cooperation on trade-related issues in agricultural biotechnology.